The public health workforce

The public health workforce is generally made up of people who are committed to making a difference to the health and wellbeing of families, community health and population health.

Who are our public health workers?

The public health workforce is diverse, ranging from people with highly specialised
technical expertise working in public health services, to those who take more
generalist population health roles in the wider health sector or community.

For some, public health may only be one component of the work they do.   Others have a direct public health focus in their work.  The following links will provide oultine each role.  For more detailed careers information see our careers page.

What skills and knowledge do public health workers need?


As part of their public health employment, the public health workforce may need a range of specialised skills and knowledge to plan and deliver public health services:

  • Service planning and evaluation
  • Group and meeting facilitation
  • Health impact assessment
  • Programme design
  • Community development
  • Analysis
  • Epidemiology
  • Social research
  • Project management
  • Logistics management
  • Advocacy
  • Cultural competency
  • Public health engineering
  • Health education
  • Toxicology
  • Resource management
  • Resource development
  • Social marketing etc.

Over time, the public health workforce will acquire generic public health competencies, which are baseline skills and knowledge every public health worker is expected to have. 

Where are our public health workers?


The majority of public health workers work in:

Some of the public health workforce work in both personal and public health, providing clinical services to their clients as well as health promotion to the communities they work in.



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